BACKGROUND: Recent clinical practice guidelines have highlighted the importance of advance care planning (ACP) for improving end-of-life care for people with chronic kidney disease (CKD).STUDY DESIGN: We conducted a systematic integrative review of the literature to inform future ACP practice and research in CKD, searching electronic databases in April 2013. SETTING & POPULATION: We focused on adults with a primary diagnosis of CKD in any setting.SELECTION CRITERIA FOR STUDIES: We included studies of any design, quantitative or qualitative.
RESULTS: 20 published articles were selected, mostly from between 20, with significant production in Brazil.
Nursing professionals are vulnerable to depression when young, married, performing night work and having several jobs, and when they have a high level of education, low family income, work overload, high stress, insufficient autonomy and a sense of professional insecurity and conflict in the family and work relationship.
Systematic literature review articles are considered original work because they are conducted using rigorous methodological approaches.
Methodological approaches to conduct a systematic literature review can be found in Cochrane Handbook of Systematic Reviews of Interventions published by the Cochrane Collaboration.
Systematic literature review is a basic scientific activity that allows scientists to view the “lay of the land” in a particular area.
A systematic review identifies, evaluates, and synthesizes research results to create a summary of current evidence that can contribute to evidence-based practice.
The first premise is especially significant given the research information “overload” that has developed in the last 20 years.
Emergence of international groups to promote and disseminate systematic review results such as the Campbell Collaboration, focused on social and behavioral research and the Cochrane Collaboration, focused on medical and public health, emphasize the importance of these reviews.
Well-done integrative reviews present the state of the science, contribute to theory development, and have direct applicability to practice and policy." *Varies beyond the type of review.
Depends on many factors such as but not limited to: resources available, the quantity and quality of the literature, and the expertise or experience of reviewers" (Grant et al.