Thus, much of the latter part of the Scramble involved European armies using modern weapons to crush opposition and install authority over the continent's inhabitants.Before the Europeans began the New Imperialism (this particular phase of overseas expansion has been labeled the "New Imperialism" in order to distinguish it from the "Old Colonialism" that supposedly ended in the late eighteenth century) in Africa, very little was known about the inner parts of the continent.The main countries involved in the colonization of Africa included France, England, Portugal, Germany, Great Britain and Denmark.
European colonisation and domination changed the world dramatically.
Historians argue that the rushed imperial conquest of the African continent by the European powers started with King Leopold II of Belgium when he involved European powers to gain recognition in Belgium.
The notion of communalism was accepted and practiced widely; land was held commonly and could not be bought or sold, although other things, such as cattle, were owned individually.
In those societies that were not stateless, the chiefs ran the daily affairs of the tribe together with one or more councils.
I can retain neither respect nor affection for such a Government.
By 1914 cotton constituted 43 per cent of agricultural output. Being a single crop economy was disastrous as Egypt became dependent on imports for her essential food supply.
(Just like the ‘cutting’ of the Chinese watermelon).
All of them played significant respective roles in the conquest of Africa.
Valuable as these honours have been to me, I cannot wear them with an easy conscience so long as my Mussalman countrymen have to labour under a wrong done to their religious sentiment.
Events that have happened during the past one month have confirmed me in the opinion that the Imperial Government have acted in the Khilafat matter in an unscrupulous, immoral and unjust manner and have been moving from wrong to wrong in order to defend their immorality.