Generally the combination of both the in-body citation and the bibliographic entry constitutes what is commonly thought of as a citation (whereas bibliographic entries by themselves are not).
References to single, machine-readable assertions in electronic scientific articles are known as nanopublications, a form of microattribution.
This is a complete guide to Harvard in-text and reference list citations.
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This allocation is done in the reference list so is done alphabetically according to the author's surname and source title: Edited books are collations of chapters written by different authors.
Their reference format is very similar to the book reference except instead of the author name, the editor name is used followed by (eds.) to distinguish them as an editor.
Depending on the choice of style, fully cited parenthetical references may require no end section.
Other styles include a list of the citations, with complete bibliographical references, in an end section, sorted alphabetically by author.
Superscripted numbers are inserted at the point of reference, just as in the citation‐sequence system, but the citations are numbered according to the order of cited works at the end of the paper or book; this list is often sorted alphabetically by author.
Citation styles can be broadly divided into styles common to the Humanities and the Sciences, though there is considerable overlap.