After selecting a topic to investigate, you will begin to locate and read sources.Then you will analyse, evaluate and synthesise the texts before organising them into a logical structure that you will use to write your literature review.Conducting a literature review is an ongoing, non-linear, and iterative process.“Your literature review will inform your question, theory, and methods, and your question, theory, and methods will help set the parameters of your literature review.
In essence, a literature review identifies, evaluates and synthesises the relevant literature within a particular field of research.
It illuminates how knowledge has evolved within the field, highlighting what has already been done, what is generally accepted, what is emerging and what is the current state of thinking on the topic.
A literature review surveys scholarly articles, books, dissertations, conference proceedings and other resources which are relevant to a particular issue, area of research, or theory and provides context for a dissertation by identifying past research.
Research tells a story and the existing literature helps us identify where we are in the story currently.
It is up to those writing a dissertation to continue that story with new research and new perspectives but they must first be familiar with the story before they can move forward.
This set of modules were designed by librarians at the University of Arizona Libraries to provide a foundation for graduate level library research.
Literature refers to a collection of published information/materials on a particular area of research or topic, such as books and journal articles of academic value.
However, your literature review does not need to be inclusive of every article and book that has been written on your topic because that will be too broad.
It is not a list like an annotated bibliography in which a summary of each source is listed one by one.
At university you may be asked to write a literature review in order to demonstrate your understanding of the literature on a particular topic.