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As with writing a regular academic paper, research proposals are generally organized the same way throughout most social science disciplines.Approach writing this section with the thought that you can’t assume your readers will know as much about the research problem as you do.Thus, the objective here is to convince the reader that your overall research design and methods of analysis will correctly address the problem and that the methods will provide the means to effectively interpret the potential results.
Start a new page and use the heading "References" or "Bibliography" centered at the top of the page. Trinity Western University; Writing Academic Proposals: Conferences, Articles, and Books.
Cited works should always use a standard format that follows the writing style advised by the discipline of your course [i.e., education=APA; history=Chicago, etc.] or that is preferred by your professor.
This section should be only one or two paragraphs long, emphasizing why the research problem is worth investigating, why your research study is unique, and how it should advance existing knowledge.
In either case, this section should testify to the fact that you did enough preparatory work to ensure the project will complement and not duplicate the efforts of other researchers.
Do not be afraid to challenge the conclusions of prior research.
Assess what you believe is missing and state how previous research has failed to adequately examine the issue that your study addresses.Note that this section is not an essay going over everything you have learned about the topic; instead, you must choose what is relevant to help explain the goals for your study.Connected to the background and significance of your study is a section of your proposal devoted to a more deliberate review and synthesis of prior studies related to the research problem under investigation.For more information on writing literature reviews, GO HERE.Since a literature review is information dense, it is crucial that this section is intelligently structured to enable a reader to grasp the key arguments underpinning your study in relation to that of other researchers.The purpose here is to place your project within the larger whole of what is currently being explored, while demonstrating to your readers that your work is original and innovative.Think about what questions other researchers have asked, what methods they have used, and what is your understanding of their findings and, where stated, their recommendations.A good strategy is to break the literature into "conceptual categories" [themes] rather than systematically describing groups of materials one at a time.Note that conceptual categories generally reveal themselves after you have read most of the pertinent literature on your topic so adding new categories is an on-going process of discovery as you read more studies.The purpose of this section is to argue how and in what ways you believe your research will refine, revise, or extend existing knowledge in the subject area under investigation.Depending on the aims and objectives of your study, describe how the anticipated results will impact future scholarly research, theory, practice, forms of interventions, or policymaking.