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Most academic essays contain an introductory paragraph, which includes a thesis.A preliminary explanation prefixed to or included in a book or other writing; the part of a book which leads up to the subject treated, or explains the author’s design or purpose.After the title and abstract, the introduction is the next thing your audience will read, so it’s vital to begin strongly.
The basic structure can be as simple as “We aim to do X, which is important because it will lead to Y.” Once you’ve narrowed your focus to the specific topic of your study, you should thoroughly cover the most recent and most relevant literature pertaining to your study.
Your review of the literature should be complete, but not overly long—remember, you’re not writing a review article.
If you find that your introduction is too long or overflowing with citations, one possible solution is to cite review articles, rather than all the individual articles that have already been summarized in the review.
Consider the following sentence: “Many studies have found a significant association between X and Y [4-15].” This sentence cites too many studies at once.
One goal of the introduction is explaining why your research topic is worthy of study.
Good Introduction For A Research Paper
One of the most common pitfalls is to simply say, “Subject X is important.” Instead of simply saying that the topic is important, show .” In the introduction, if your paper is in a field that commonly summarizes the study’s main results before starting the methods, you should avoid stating too many detailed results because these results need the development in the other sections of your paper to be properly understood.
For example, “A significant association has been found between X and Y in men [4-7], women [8-11], and children [12-15].” For research in empirical sciences, stating a hypothesis can be an effective way of framing the research.
For example, instead of stating “In this study, we show that X is related to Y by method A,” you could say, “In this study, we hypothesize that X is related to Y, and we use method A to test this hypothesis.” For research in formal sciences or exploratory research, you could consider stating a research question instead: “In this study, we examine the following research question: Is X related to Y?
Although references [4-15] might provide a good overview of the topic, this sentence doesn’t provide enough context or explanation for these past studies.
If all of these references are worth citing, they should be discussed in greater specificity.