Fur Trade Essay

Fur Trade Essay-60
By about 1870, through treaties and the establishment of the reservation system, Native subsistence bases had practically collapsed, and Indians could no longer survive on the natural products of their own land.Still, the fur trade and Indian trade offer a deep-time continuity that is unmatched in North American history.

By about 1870, through treaties and the establishment of the reservation system, Native subsistence bases had practically collapsed, and Indians could no longer survive on the natural products of their own land.Still, the fur trade and Indian trade offer a deep-time continuity that is unmatched in North American history.

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Similarly, by providing quarters, protection, and aid to scientists and artists at isolated trading posts, fur traders supported the study of Native Nations and natural history.

The trade deeply affected Native peoples' lives, for better and worse.

One of the final historical episodes in which the fur trade played a leading role took place in the Oregon Country from 1790 to 1848.

British interest in the Oregon fur trade originated with the late eighteenth-century maritime expeditions of British naval officers James Cook and George Vancouver.

Fur traders married and had children with Native women, creating the Métis people.

Indians' lives were permanently altered as they gradually became dependent on guns, knives, axes, blankets, kettles, and the panoply of other useful and attractive goods acquired through the fur trade.

As a result, some Native craft traditions, such as elaborate beadwork, flourished, while others, such as pottery-making, were almost forgotten.

Along with other newcomers and colonizers, fur traders also became vectors for deadly diseases, such as smallpox, that greatly reduced Native populations, though no evidence suggests that traders deliberately infected Indians with diseases.

Commercial traders soon followed, exchanging copper, weapons, liquor, and varied goods for sea otter pelts.

Natives also acquired syphilis, gonorrhea, and other diseases from the seafarers who sojourned on the Oregon Coast.breasted the deadly sandbars at the mouth of a river he named Columbia.

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