Essay On History Of Kashmir

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Join Britannica's Publishing Partner Program and our community of experts to gain a global audience for your work!The climate varies from alpine in the northeast to subtropical in the southwest.In the alpine area, average annual precipitation is about 3 inches (75 mm), but in the subtropical zone (around Jammu) rainfall amounts to about 45 inches (1,150 mm) per year.The range receives heavy precipitation in the forms of winter snowfall and summer rain and has extensive areas of pasture above the tree line.It is drained principally by the The Vale of Kashmir is a deep asymmetrical basin lying between the Pir Panjal Range and the western end of the Great Himalayas at an average elevation of 5,300 feet (1,620 metres).Precipitation increases with elevation, and the lower scrubland gives way to pine forests higher up.The Pir Panjal Range constitutes the first (southernmost) mountain rampart associated with the Himalayas in the state and is the westernmost of the Lesser Himalayas.During Pleistocene times it was occupied at times by a body of water known as Lake Karewa; it is now filled by lacustrine (still water) sediments as well as alluvium deposited by the upper Jhelum River. The climate is characterized by annual precipitation of about 30 inches (750 mm), derived partially from the summer monsoon and partially from storms associated with winter low-pressure systems. Temperatures vary considerably by elevation; at Srinagar the average minimum temperature is in the upper 20s F (about −2 °C) in January, and the average maximum is in the upper 80s F (about 31 °C) in July.Up to about 7,000 feet (2,100 metres), woodlands of deodar cedar, blue pine, walnut, willow, elm, and poplar occur.There are many species of game birds, including vast numbers of migratory ducks.INTRODUCTION: The Kashmir dispute is the oldest unresolved international conflict in the world today.


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