Essay Ancient Topography Jerusalem

Warren's subterranean explorations (Recovery of Jerusalem, p. As he himself suggests, it may have been built out in order to guard the fountain of the Virgin. The gate 'Miphkad ' may mark some angle of the walls connected with the division, as a special corner is here mentioned, Neh , before we reach the sheepgate again." The next important view of Jerusalem topography is that during our Lord's day, and until its destruction by the Romans, a.d. The only full description of the city near that date which has come down to us is found in Josephus.The 'water-gate' would be so called in relation to this fountain. The city was defended on the east, south, and west by a single wall; upon the north three walls were successively built, the second outside of the first, and the third outside of the second.These places we must, of course, find in the templeregion. Between the fish-gate and the sheep-gate would stand the tower of Hananeel and the tower of Meah (or the Hundred). The 'valley-gate' would correspond with the present Jaffa-gate. The 'dung-gate' (if our suppositions above are correct) would be 1000 cubits south of the Jaffa-gate, Neh -- that is, on the south-western part of Zion, over against the Birket es-Sultan (Pool of the Sultan).

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Economics and politics form the focus of the second book, with the interaction between the temple revenues, trades, crafts, and industries given significance.

Volume I ends with a chapter about the government of the city from the earliest evidence until direct Roman rule.

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, published in 1907, is a two-volume work that is concerned with the historical significance of the site of Jerusalem and its surroundings, as well as the history of Jerusalem in the period from 1400 BC to 70 AD.

By this watergate, on Ophel, was a broad street or square, where assemblies could be held in the immediate vicinity of the temple. Near by was the 'horsegate,' famous as the spot where Athaliah was put to death. The position of these walls is one of the disputed questions in Jerusalem topography.

In reconstructing the city as it appeared in our Lord's day the reader must remember that the third wall, which enclosed the new city, Bezetha, on the north, was built by Herod Agrippa, about a.d.

42, and therefore after the crucifixion and ascension of Christ.

All the three walls noticed by Josephus are upon the north of the upper city, or Zion, but there is much controversy respecting the course of these walls, particularly the second and the third wall.

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