These assumptions will determine research strategy and the methods of that strategy.a) Positivism refers to working with an observable social reality and outcome is always law like generalisations, as is the case with physical or natural scientists.However, majority of studies adapt and follows philosophy of positivism and philosophy of phenomenology or interpretivism According to ‘Jankowicz (2005)’, philosophy of positivism is a system that emphasize to obtain knowledge through believing in description rather than questioning.Tags: Research Papers Positive Accounting TheoryDefine Theistic ExistentialismEssays Stress ManagementMean Girls EssayExample Of An Apa Style Research PaperUniversity British Columbia Phd ThesisCommon Core And Critical Thinking
the practical considerations while selecting a topic of research (Holden & Lynch, 2004; Saunders, Lewis, & Thornhill, 2009).
For instance, the world perspective and practical consideration of a researcher are different.
In fact as Guba & Lincoln, (1982) has propounded, philosophical paradigm within a research holds utmost importance, as it is the Research philosophy is a particular way of developing knowledge that defines philosophical paradigm.
This development and understanding of knowledge depends on certain assumptions based on our perspective of the world, i.e.
In the philosophy of phenomenology, human experience, views, beliefs and inner feelings are conceived as valuable source of data.
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In the process of examining behaviour of people, philosophy of phenomenology considers some key techniques and methods such as observations, interviews and semi-structured based interviews.
Moreover, the facts and observations in the philosophy of positivism can be countable, visible, and measurable.
In the philosophy of positivism, a little account of feelings and beliefs of people or participants are taken as phenomena, whereas researcher is allowed to act as an independent in order to find facts towards objects.
While the former is concerned on facts, the other one is concerned with feelings.
Hence, based on their different perspectives, their strategies and methods will also differ.