One of the biggest weaknesses of the theory mentioned is the fact that it places to much importance on the bonds relative to an individual and society, without looking at bigger concepts like autonomy and impulsiveness (Mc Grath 2009). "Social Structure and Anomie." American Sociological Review, 1938: 672-682. "Sociological Theory and Social Control." American Journal of Sociology, 1975: 82-108. Social control theory was Hirschi’s major sociological contribution to criminology; similar in importance to strain and differential association.Tags: Professional Nursing Essay WritersAyn Rand Essays OnlineHomosexuality Nature Or Nurture EssayRomeo And Juliet Characterization EssayTorrance Test Of Critical ThinkingPre Written Essays
We are now faced with images of criminal activity, whether that be large scale operations such as terrorism or drug trafficking or small scale like youth crime and delinquency, everyday of our lives and the trend in this seems to be on the rise.
The sense of the immediacy of crime and deviance through the intervention of the media has made it an important political issue.
A large body of criminological research inspired by social control theory has focused on how variations in the strength of individuals’ bonds to family, community, school, and other conventional groups and institutions relate to patterns of self-reported and officially recorded deviant behavior.
Social control theory has origins in the early works of the moral and utilitarian philosophers, the nineteenth-century writings of Émile Durkheim, and the early twentieth-century research of the Chicago School of sociology (Morris 1975).
Primary attachments include parents, peers, teachers, religious leaders and other members of the community.
Commitment is the rational component in conformity in other words, people fear law breaking behavior.
A person don’t want to lose all he/she has worked all their life to obtain, whether it’s a good reputation, valuable education, good relationship with family etc.
A person will have a substantial lose by violating laws.
It is now counted among the leading sociological perspectives on crime and juvenile delinquency, largely because of the influence of Travis Hirschi's formulation and evaluation of control theory.
Rather than focusing on an individual’s personality as a source of criminality, he focused on social relationships which he termed social bonds.