The modern Civil Rights Movement is often marked as beginning with the 1954 U. Supreme Court decision banning school segregation or the day in 1955 when Rosa Parks refused to move from a bus seat in Montgomery, AL and ends with the passage of the 1965 Voting Rights Act or with the assassination of Dr. in 1968 (Or, more recently, with the election of President Barack Obama). Ferguson in which federal and state laws enforced legal racial segregation, to which the Civil Rights Movement was a response. Du Bois (who helped create the NAACP in 1909), there is little mention of the countless individuals and organizations in the first half of the 20th century who actively resisted white supremacist ideology and its practices such as lynchings, chain gang labor, sharecropping, the destruction of thriving business communities, and forcing people to leave town by sundown.
In some textbooks, the context for this movement are the years following the 1896 U. The contemporary "story" of the Civil Rights Movement is that bad things did, indeed, happen to innocent African Americans who merely wanted to live the American dream but that individual racist men were responsible for the violence and Dr. Textbook glossaries fail to define racism and the root word "race" (a concept debated by scholars); They define segregation benignly with little reference to the ways in which northern and southern state governments and businesses systematically – and over the course of several decades -- reinforced an ideology of white supremacy through violence. Rather than addressing the outrage of systematically being denied basic human rights by the U. Supreme Court, while citizens in a democracy, textbooks suggest that individual African Americans were merely sad or angry because individual white people did not want to fight wars, play baseball, learn, ride public transportation or eat lunch with them.
Music played a huge role in the Civil Rights Movement of the 1950s and 60s.
Whether it was African American gospels, protest songs, or topical comments on racism, violence, and injustice, the music of the Civil Rights Era served as rallying calls for those involved in the movement, black and white.
But the ultimate effectiveness of the legislation is one of a matter of degree.
To what extent was the civil rights movement successful in achieving its goals?The tedious task of organizing thousands of people to change their attitudes, behaviors, votes, and spending habits determined more successful outcomes than did charismatic individuals.Mid-20th century racism came in faces other than the white-sheeted Klan member and the law enforcement officer with attack dogs and fire hoses.And so the movement turned more toward championing black pride and culture in the late 60s and 70s to show the volumes that black culture contributes to American culture at large.No song said it better (or louder) than James Brown’s “Say It Loud, I’m Black and I’m Proud,” which became an anthem for the Civil Rights Movement as it continued to evolve and struggle for justice and equality up to the present day.I will then analyze the progress made in each goal as the result of civil rights legislation using time series data and bivariate analyses in the short term, long term, and in comparison to whites.Finally, I will offer an interpretation as to the degree and level of advancements and success the movement has had.Finally, did the 1964 Civil Rights Act, 1965 Elementary and Secondary Education Act, and 1968 Housing Act establish desegregation?I will evaluate this question by examining the extent of segregation in schools, public places, and housing.Did the 1964 Civil Rights Act and the 1965 Voting Rights Act provide African Americans with an undeterred vote?I will answer that question using participation and registration rates and data on black congressional representation.