Capsicum Farming In Open Field

Capsicum Farming In Open Field-59
The sweet pepper is generally sown in August for the autumn-winter crop and in November for the spring -summer crop.

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Normally, 5-6 seed beds of size (300x6Ox15 cm) each are sufficient for one hectare cultivation.

Seed should be sown in rows at 8 -10 cm apart to get healthy seedlings. Ceresan, Thiram or Captan @ 2 g per kg seed before sowing to prevent the occurrence of any seed-borne diseases.

The nitrogenous fertilizer is given two and half a month after transplanting.

Interculture operations are similar to that of chillies.

Rows spaced at 90 cm and plants spaced at 40 to 45 cm are also fairly common.

You might also like to read: Guide for Aleo vera Farming About 50 to 80 cartloads of farmyard manure, 30 to 55 kg of nitrogen in the form of ammonium sulphate or urea, 50 to 110 kg of phosphorus in the form of super phosphate and 75 to 100 kg of potash per hectare should be given depending upon the fertility status of the soil.Earthing operation will also help in removing the weeds.Some of the important insects and diseases which attack capsicum are described below. Insects The important insect .pests attacking capsicum are described here along with their suitable control measures.Two weedings 30 and 60 days after transplanting lead to high yield in green pepper.Earthing of plants may also be done after 2 -3 weeks of transplanting.About 1 -2 kg seeds are required for one hectare cultivation depending on the cultivar.The seeds should be properly covered with a thin layer of soil manure mixture or any other media and irrigated with sprinkler to maintain optimum moisture till the seeds germinate.Moreover, higher night temperatures are found to be responsible for the higher capsicin (pungency) content in green pepper.Although sweet pepper can be grown in almost all types of soils, well drained clay loam soil is considered ideal for its cultivation. Levelled and raised beds have been found more suitable than sunken beds for its cultivation.The nursery beds should be irrigated before lifting of seedlings.The seedlings are transplanted in rows in the evening or during the cloudy day followed by irrigation.

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