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Requirements and advice given to you by your faculty and/or committee members takes precedent and supersedes recommendations and instructions provided in this guide.Barack Obama’s research on US healthcare reform – the first academic article to be published by a sitting US president – has topped a list of the most popular online papers of the year.
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It analysed another random set of 100,000 papers from the 8 million indexed in the Web of Science database between 20, found that, for a given subject area and publication year, free-to-read articles are cited 18% more than the average.
The trend is supported by several previous studies, but some have questioned whether the effect exists.
Almost half of the scholarly papers that people attempt to access online are now freely and legally available, according to a huge study that tracked 100,000 online requests for journal papers in June.
The work, published on 2 August in Peer J Preprints, examined reader data from a web-browser extension called Unpaywall, which trawls the Internet to find free-to-read versions of paywalled papers.The study authors analysed server logs of 100,000 papers that Unpaywall users tried to access during one week in June, and found that 47% of accessed studies were legally available to read for free somewhere on the web.Around half the content being accessed was published in the past two years, says Priem.Given the methodological differences, that’s roughly comparable to the finding in the new work, Piwowar says.The latest work also delves into how papers become free to read.More than 20% of scholarly articles searched for through Unpaywall were available directly from journals, with clear licences describing whether the papers were free not just to read, but also to download or redistribute.Another 9% of the studies were still published behind a paywall, but authors later uploaded their paper — or some version of it, such as a peer-reviewed manuscript — to an online repository (see ‘The state of open research’).Of papers published in 2015 — the most recent year examined — 45% were freely available, which suggests that newer articles are more likely to be open.The study also investigated the claim that open-access articles are more cited than paywalled studies.The study, which hasn’t yet been peer-reviewed, is “careful and extensive”, says Ludo Waltman, deputy director of the Centre for Science and Technology Studies at Leiden University in the Netherlands who edits the Journal of Informetrics.The study authors say theirs is the first broad analysis of the state of open research since a 2014 report produced for the European Commission.