It also provides guidelines for constructing an abstract and general tips for you to keep in mind when drafting.Finally, it includes a few examples of abstracts broken down into their component parts.In the process, newspapers helped change how politics operated in the constitutional monarchy of Brazil.
In scientific writing, on the other hand, abstracts are usually structured to describe the background, methods, results, and conclusions, with or without subheadings.
Now how do you go about fitting the essential points from your entire paper— why the research was conducted, what the aims were, how these were met, and what the main findings were—into a paragraph of just 200-300 words?
However, for an abstract to be useful in an online retrieval system, it must incorporate the key terms that a potential researcher would use to search.
For example, if you search Dissertation Abstracts International using the keywords “France” “revolution” and “politics,” the search engine would search through all the abstracts in the database that included those three words.
Therefore, abstracts should contain keywords and phrases that allow for easy searching.
Say you are beginning a research project on how Brazilian newspapers helped Brazil’s ultra-liberal president Luiz Ignácio da Silva wrest power from the traditional, conservative power base.
If your abstract doesn’t grab their attention and make a good first impression, there’s a good chance your research paper will be rejected at the outset.
Moreover, even after your research paper is published, your abstract will be the first, and possibly only, thing readers will access through electronic searches.
By incorporating keywords into the abstract, the author emphasizes the central topics of the work and gives prospective readers enough information to make an informed judgment about the applicability of the work.
Most often, the author of the entire work (or prospective work) writes the abstract.